When we speak of someone’s “personality”, we are speaking of the one-of-a-kind collection of traits that define them as a unique individual. These can include traits of temperament or behaviors, along with our perceptions and attitudes towards others and the outside world. Those with healthy personality types work well with others at home, in public, and at work, and deal well with stressors.
The Basics of a Personality Disorder
Individuals who suffer from personality disorders exhibit inflexibility when it comes to dealing with changes in the outside world. They often feel as if they are in the “right”, but tend to maintain a very narrow perspective on things. They also often are averse to engaging in social activities.
Diagnosing a Personality Disorder
There are several behaviors an individual must exhibit to qualify for a personality disorder diagnosis. These behaviors must be severe enough to prevent the individual from maintaining a good quality of life. Therapists can typically identify personality disorders in the teen years; these disorders may then continue through early adulthood and often decrease in later years.
What causes a Personality Disorder?
Many mental health experts believe that early childhood trauma may lead to personality disorders, while still others believe there are genetic factors involved. In some cases, experts believe that environmental triggers can exacerbate a genetic predisposition to having a personality disorder.
Types of Personality Disorders Include:
- Histrionic Personality Disorder
- Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- Antisocial Personality Disorder
- Dependent Personality Disorder
- Avoidant Personality Disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
- Schizotypal Personality Disorder
- Schizoid Personality Disorder
- Paranoid Personality Disorder
- Borderline Personality Disorder